One of the oldest city in Perm region in Russia- Kungur
View Kungur-City-Russia in a larger map
Kungur is a Russian city in Perm Krai (region) placed geographically between Ural Mountain and Kama River (near Perm city).
Location - It lies at the confluence of the Sylva, Iren, and Shakva rivers, 45 miles (72 km) south of Perm city. Kungur was founded in 1648 as a fortress and became an important post on routes to Siberia.
Kungur is the oldest city of Perm Krai, founded in 1663 and has a population around 68,000.
At the end of the XXth century a person measures its way not in kilometers or versts, but in minutes and hours spent. While saving time, one looses smth more important that his ancestor, that didn’t care about time spend, saw and felt – the long way romance and the charm of passing towns. But this town makes even high-speed trains that are following ten-kilometers arch over the river respects it. It is the last European town on the border of Asia and the first town in Europe if one comes back from Siberian direction. It is Kungur.
Kungur was widely known to be a flourishing business and industrial centre as it was located on a very strategically important road, called the Great Siberian Route. At about 9,000 kilometres in length, it was considered to be the longest land route in the world. For over 200 years, thousands of coaches and merchants’ caravans traversed the route annually, not to mention the hundreds of thousands of carts, taking them from Moscow to Siberia and beyond, to Kyakhta near the Russian-Mongolian border. Europe exported textiles and wine whilst Asia exported tea, silk and spices. Legends abounded about the prosperity of the Ural lands, with people speaking of the region “raining and snowing squirrels, martens, and sables, and they spread out in the forests in great numbers”. As early as the 11th century the Urals were explored to find some possible routes. As a result, all Siberian roads ran through the lands surrounding Perm. In the 17th century the merchants and their caravans began to make their way from the centre of Russia to Siberia via Kungur. Not surprisingly, trade was highly developed there.
In winter 1647/1648 the Novgorodskyi’ order made Prokopyi Elizarov, the Solikamskyi voivode (an ancient title), to find runaway people in Stroganov’s places and monasteries. Those who would be found should be moved to the river Kungurka, so that “they would live near the monarch and wouldn’t ran away again”.
Travel tips and useful info's
Getting to the city
Kungur located at the intersection of three roads: Solikamsk highway Siberian tract and the Trans-Siberian Railway, where he is the first city in Europe, if we come back from Siberia.
Plane from Moscow route:
1. Airport "Domodedovo" (or Sherimetevo - largest airport in Moscow) - to the airport "B.Savino" (Perm). Perm Krai, Russia (PEE / USPP)
Flight time 1 chas.45 min.
Next to Kungur:
road: 100 km. - 1.5 hours
By train: 100 km. - 2 hours.
2. Airport "Domodedovo" (or Sherimetevo - largest airport in Moscow) - to the airport "Koltsovo" (Ekaterinburg) . Koltsovo Airport - Yekaterinburg, Russia (SVX / USSS)
Flight time 1 hour 30 minutes.
Next to Kungur: bus - 6 hours by train - 6 hours.
Train from Moscow route:
Moscow - Novosibirsk
Moscow - Vladivostok
Moscow - Ekaterinburg
Travel time 24 hours
It takes a little more than 2 hours to get from Perm to Kungur by public transport.
Buses depart from Perm bus station every 20-30 minutes during the day. Availability can be checked on [avperm.ru]. There is no need to buy the tickets way in advance, but at the last minutes they can be sold out. The bus costs 181 RUB (as of May 2012)
Suburban trains depart from Perm-II station. There're 4-5 trains a day in each direction, approximately every two hours. Don't forget that the schedule quotes Moscow time for departure and arrival. There's no seat reservation. Tickets cost 120 RUB (as of May 2012).
There are at least two information boards with a map of the city. One is near the railway station, the other one is near the park on the crossing of Sovetskaya and Gogol streets.
There are local buses. The schedule can be found on the stops. But the routes are not always apparent.
Kungur is located at the crossing of the Solikamsk route, the Siberian path, and the Trans-Siberian Highway.
Places of interests, attractions
Kungur Ice Cave is one of the biggest caves in the world and the only in Russia cave purposely equipped for excursions.This unique natural monument, surrounded with multiple legends, is located in the Urals, between Perm and Yekaterinburg.
Discovering Kungur starts from the center of the city were Hub of the Universe (or ‘Pup Zemli’) lies.This memorial was unveiled in 2007 as a symbol of the love and respect the residents of Kungur feel for their town.
Ulitsa Gogolya. Kungur Khlebnikov Library.The library opened in the mid-19th century, when the famous Russian traveller Kirill Khlebnikov donated his personal collection of books to the town, hoping to improve the education of Kungur’s residents.
Gogolya Street. Small Shopping Arcade (or Maly Gostiny Dvor in Russian). This ornate building appeared at the end of the 19th century, built by Kungur merchant Mikhail Gribushin.
Town Council building, at 36 Ulitsa Gogolya. It is the oldest civil building in Kungur. The fortress-like construction was erected on the Siberian Route during the mid-17th century, with walls more than one metre thick. In the past it housed the town council and a transit prison.
Public garden lies near the Local History Museum, with a monument to Kungur merchant Alexei Gubkin erected in the centre. The most important tea trader and patron of arts in the Russian Empire, Gubkin brought tea to Kungur from China along the Siberian Route.
The Large Samovar was installed in Kungur in 2009 in commemoration of the town’s craftsmen. In the 19th century samovars were produced in Kungur’s factories, and were sold not only in Kungur, Perm and Ekaterinburg, but also at illustrious Russian trade fairs.
Near the samovar you can see a two-storey building in a historicist architectural style. It is now the Kungur regional government offices, but at the beginning of the 20th century it was the ‘Shcherbakov’s rooms’ hotel.
Merchant Dubinin’s mansion (26 Ulitsa Sovetskaya) was built in 1883. This red-brick mansion is decorated with white stucco and metal lattices. It was owned by Efim Dubinin, a merchant from the first guild, with the ground floor used as a shop for selling his textiles and tailored clothes.
Not far from Dubinin’s mansion, Tikhvinsky Church, built in the second half of the 18th century, overlooks the city. Its main treasure was the miracle-working Theotokos of Tikhvin icon. Tikhvinsky Church is a monument to two epochs.
Yukhnev’s Mansion – Museum of Fine Arts (21 Ulitsa Oktyabrskaya) Kungur handicraft traditions developed over the course of several centuries. Armourers, wood sculptors, icon painters, jewellers, as well as wheel, bow and hand bell craftsmen worked there.
On the corner of Ulitsa Lenina and Ulitsa Oktyabrskaya you will see Kungur sweet shop. Here you can buy the freshest and most delicious locally produced gingerbread, toffee, sherbet, and real lemonade.
Opposite this shop, on the crossroads of Ulitsa Oktyabrskaya and Ulitsa Lenina, you can see a small pottery shop. Here you can buy crafts made of stone, wood, willow, birch bark, textiles and Kungur ceramics, which are famous all over Russia.Many of these exponate end up in different regions of Russia and the master who build them are participating to different fairs or exhibitions (see Perm fairs).
Cathedral Square (or Sobornaya Ploshchad in Russian).Cathedral Square is where the former fortress, which protected the town from the advances of its enemies for more than hundred years, once stood, on the hill towering over the Sylva and Iren Rivers.
The Shopping Arcade (or Gostiny Dvor in Russian) is situated on Cathedral Square.
The former Town Council building, erected in the 19th century. At that time the building was among the tallest in Kungur, with only the churches able to compete with it in terms of height.
In front of the Town Council building there is an obelisk made of grey marble with an openwork wrought iron gate. Plates featuring the monograms of the Emperors Catherine the Great and Alexander III and a plate with the inscription “From Grateful Descendants to our Brave Ancestors” are attached to the obelisk.
Near to Cathedral Square and opposite the Merchant Yard is Victory Square (or Ploshchad Pobedy in Russian), where a legendary T-34 Soviet tank commemorates the Kungur tank men from the Ural Voluntary Tank Corps.
Voznesensky cemetery - Cemeteries are places to remember people from times gone by. One such place of particular interest is located on the outskirts of Kungur, the Voznesensky Cemetery.
The Belogorsky Monastery is located 50 kilometers from Kungur,and 120 away from Perm not far from the village of Kalinino. There is a natural reserve in Spasskaya Mountain, an area of mat-grass steppe, in Kungursky District.
Address of the monastery: Perm region, Kungur region, village Kalinino.
To get there by car from Perm, you should take the highway Perm-Yekaterinburg. Between Perm & Kungur on the right side a road indicator should point the direction to Kalinino .
It’s a village. Follow after that the direction Belaya gora .
N 57° 23'31";
E 56° 13'49"
- The Kungur Balloon Fiesta on July 02 2011, in Kungur, Russia. It is one of the the largest free hot air ballooning event in the Russian Federation.
Sources :http://www.uneed2know.eu - own text and picturesOfficial site of Kungur - http://www.kungur-adm.ruhttp://www.visitperm.ru/en/tourists/attractions/monuments/kungur/718